Top 10 Ways to Stop Your Cat from Peeing Outside the Litter Box. While it’s understandably upsetting to find cat pee around the house, cats aren’t being bad when they “go” outside the box. They are simply behaving in a way that addresses their needs at the time.
There are numerous reasons why a cat might pee outside the litter box, including health issues, anxiety, or bullying from other pets in the home that needs to be addressed.
With a little investigation (and possibly a trip to the vet’s office), you should be able to determine what needs to be done to stop your cat’s inappropriate urination.
In some cases, the problem might be easily solved by simply changing the type of litter you use or providing your cat with more than one litter box. However, if the problem persists, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian to rule out any medical causes.
Consult Your Veterinarian
If your cat has started to pee outside the box, the most important thing you can do is make an appointment with your veterinarian.
Urinary tract infection, hyperthyroidism, feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC), bladder crystals or stones, arthritis, diabetes, and kidney disease are just some of the common health issues that can make cats urinate outside of their litter box.
Your veterinarian will ask you questions about the issue and when it started, then they will perform a physical exam, urinalysis, and perhaps some other diagnostic tests to determine if the problem is medical rather than behavioral.
If your cat is given a clean bill of health, your veterinarian can then help you address environmental or behavioral issues that may be playing a role.
Clean Up the Mess Thoroughly
Whether your vet determines that the problem is medical or behavioral, be sure to thoroughly clean all areas where your cat has peed outside the box. You want to be sure you’ve eliminated the odor, not just for your own sake, but also so the smell doesn’t draw your cat back to that same spot.
You can use a black light and simply your sense of smell to identify all the problem areas.
If you’re dealing with a fresh urine spot, first blot up as much as possible with paper or cloth towels. Then, depending on what has been soiled, choose the best cleaning method:
• For carpet or rugs – use a cleaning solution or shampoo designed specifically for tackling carpet stains.
• For clothing – launder the item as you normally would using your detergent of choice.
• For upholstery – depending on the fabric, you may be able to use a carpet cleaner or spot shampoo. Test in an inconspicuous area first to be sure.
Tackle Territory Issues
If you find a small splatter of urine on your wall or any other vertical surface, chances are your cat is spraying rather than peeing. Intact male cats are the most likely to spray,
but any cat can do it. The best way to prevent your cat from spraying is to have them spayed or neutered before they reach puberty, which is around 5 or 6 months old. Your vet can help you determine when the best time for your kitten would be.
There are a few things you can try if your neutered cat is spraying around the house. First, try to make him feel more secure in his territory. This may mean providing separate living areas for each cat in a multi-cat household.
If this is not feasible, try getting some tall cat trees or perches and creating hiding places and covered escape routes so cats can easily avoid each other.
You should also try to provide your cat with plenty of mental and physical stimulation. This can include things like playing with him, providing him with toys and puzzles, and letting him outside (if possible).
By keeping your cat mentally and physically active, you can help reduce his stress levels and hopefully stop the spraying behavior.